South African Cultural Observatory

World Leaders asked to protect workers in the face of artificial intelligence and automation

BY 24.01.19

The International Labour Organisation (ILO), a specialized agency of the UN that sets labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men, has made a call on world leaders to protect workers and jobs in the face of artificial intelligence and automation.

The call was made in a report that was released at the annual Davos meeting, the World Economic Forum, where heads of government and business leaders gather annually to discuss the world economy.

The report seeks to address rapid changes in the workplace triggered by the rise of the robot economy (artificial intelligence-driven economy) and technological automation. The report proposes a package of measures required to put the world economy on a sustainable footing for the future.

Suggested measures include:

  • a universal labour guarantee that would enshrine the right to an adequate living wage, maximum limits on working hours, and health and safety protections. It would also enforce freedom of association in trade unions and the right to collective bargaining, freedom from forced labour, child labour and discrimination.
  • Strengthening social protection systems around the world.
  • Improved policies to support reductions in gender inequality, from parental leave to greater investment in public care services. Women are paid about a fifth less than men around the world.
  • The creation of a universal entitlement to lifelong learning, to enable workers to gain vital skills and retrain later in life; and an international governance system that would require gig economy platforms, such as Uber and Deliveroo, to respect certain minimum rights and protections for workers.

The ILO report was co-chaired by the South African president, Cyril Ramaphosa, and the Swedish prime minister, Stefan Löfven, and is the culmination of a 15-month review by a 27-member commission of senior figures from the world of business, academia, trade unions and charities.

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April Gig-Guide: cultural events not to be missed! April Gig-Guide: cultural events not to be missed!

The month of April is a significant month in South Africa as it brings the remembrance of its first democratic election back in 1994. With it, brings the exciting buzz of ‘freedom’ in the country, and what better way to show true liberation than by reflecting and witnessing the country’s cultural scene during the month of April

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Business and Arts South Africa Welcomes New CEO Business and Arts South Africa Welcomes New CEO

The board of Business and Arts South Africa (BASA) has officially introduced and welcomed their new Chief Executive officer, Ashraf Johaardien who joined the organization on 01 March, 2019. He has taken over from the successful leadership and legacy of Nicola Danby, and then, Michelle Constant after two decades. Nonetheless, Ashraf’s fundamental background in artistry and arts administration has made him a suitable candidate for the position, and has given him the potential to drive BASA towards more success.

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Matwetwe star’s passing was a loss to the whole industry Matwetwe star’s passing was a loss to the whole industry

The South African culture and creative industries was dealt a terrible blow with the killing of Sibusiso Khwinana, one of the lead actors in the home-grown film, Matwetwe. His unfortunate and untimely passing at such a tender age has deprived the country and the arts community of his raw talent. In part, due to his and co-actors, the film is reported to have made the top 10 most watched films in South Africa.

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Finance minister signals investment in culture’s soft power worth it Finance minister signals investment in culture’s soft power worth it

The power of arts and culture to change minds was in sharp focus last week as South African finance minister Tito Mboweni outlined the country’s ‘soft power’ investment plan for 2019.

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April Gig-Guide: cultural events not to be missed! April Gig-Guide: cultural events not to be missed!

The month of April is a significant month in South Africa as it brings the remembrance of its first democratic election back in 1994. With it, brings the exciting buzz of ‘freedom’ in the country, and what better way to show true liberation than by reflecting and witnessing the country’s cultural scene during the month of April

How South Africa Can Grow Its Gaming Industry? How South Africa Can Grow Its Gaming Industry?

In 2018, the global gaming industry consisted of 2.3 billion consumers, who spent nearly US$ 138 billion on games. Research done two years ago showed that there were more than 11m gamers in South Africa.

Business and Arts South Africa Welcomes New CEO Business and Arts South Africa Welcomes New CEO

The board of Business and Arts South Africa (BASA) has officially introduced and welcomed their new Chief Executive officer, Ashraf Johaardien who joined the organization on 01 March, 2019. He has taken over from the successful leadership and legacy of Nicola Danby, and then, Michelle Constant after two decades. Nonetheless, Ashraf’s fundamental background in artistry and arts administration has made him a suitable candidate for the position, and has given him the potential to drive BASA towards more success.

Highlights Of Some Of Our Research Produced Since October Last Year Highlights Of Some Of Our Research Produced Since October Last Year

The report was aimed at exploring South Africa’s cultural goods trade with selected African countries between 2007 and 2017, with reference to the current cultural policy environment at the continental and regional level affecting such trade. The UNESCO (2009) Framework for Cultural Statistics is used to identify cultural goods, with trade data sourced from UN Comtrade (2018). This study is thus important in the light of South Africa’s signing of the Agreement (AfCFTA) to establish the Continental Free Trade Area in July 2018.

Executive Direction Executive Direction

These past few months have seen some good momentum gained in providing direction to the research outputs of the South African Cultural Observatory. In the same vein, the inputs for the Research Agenda have expanded the research possibilities for the Observatory and the sector as a whole.

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